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21st Century Efficient Learning Theories

The 21st century is rich in numerous key insights. Researchers continue to work on different theories to discover things that can improve the learning process to make students more effective. They have already shifted their focus from general theories to some more specific approaches, making them more applicable and popular among academic staff. Thus, many progressive professors and teachers intentionally apply one of the learning theories in their classes, depending on what domain they like the most. Usually, students don’t even recognize these changes in their teaching methodology, being concentrated on the curriculum itself. Nowadays, 4 crucial learning-theory domains serve as a foundation of learning inquiry.

Behaviorist Theories


When it comes to behaviorist theories, the central spot is occupied by a suggestion that certain stimuli can form a student learning behavior. Students learn from interactions, and every trifle (a small accident or info) leads to a certain response. The behavior of a person is affected by the things they have learned before. In other words, you will not remember new info until it evokes a reaction. You can face a life situation, but if your brain doesn’t give out a reactionary signal, you will not make any conclusions from it. A huge role is given to the environment in this theory. Thus, different environments result in different learning abilities. Whether a person does something consciously or subconsciously, it is still the result of what they have learned before.

Cognitive Theories


Firstly, it was an alternative theory to the previous approach with one small remark that this theory tries to show how your brain works during the studying process. Researchers believe that changes in behavior are evoked by certain mental activities. Your mind perceives some info, processes it, and produces it in the form of knowledge. The main difference with this theory is that a person should be actively involved in the studying process and not just respond to stimuli. It is all about your memory here. For example, when you open a site to learn new info, your memory will play a crucial role here.

Constructivist Theories


They are based on perceptual learning. Every person is the owner of a unique perception that was formed thanks to all knowledge gained. Every situation and experience have contributed to the development of your worldview. Thus, a person learns and perceives new information through the scope of knowledge gained before. To understand a word correctly, you need a context, and your brain creates this context for the perception of any new info. Studying means understanding an experience. For example, you are examining speedy paper review, but if you have never heard about it, and in general, you have no idea what it is, you will need more time to get to the point. If you cannot understand something, you cannot learn from it. A student should get the essence of the thing to learn it, so this theory improves thinking abilities that only boost the studying process.

Motivation/Humanist Theories


Here the personality of each student occupies the central place. The cognitive and emotional needs of a student must be satisfied to improve the studying process. A person’s values and worldview play a crucial role in learning new information. If a person is indifferent to the info for one reason or another, they will not learn it. Thus, a studying environment, as well as a curriculum, should be tailored to every student. A curriculum cannot be suitable for all students at the same time since they have different interests and personal abilities.